Organizational Forces And Negotiations

Organizational Forces And Negotiations

In this discussion you are asked to consider these topics/questions:

·  What factors within the external environment affect businesses, especially uncertainty and stability, that drive towards efficiency and control for management strategy?

·  How do demographic and society-wide shifts as well as technological developments create both challenges and new opportunities for business?

· As a manager, how would you integrate these issues into your work for building co-worker relationships and for having negotiation skills to make unexpected decisions?

Note:  At 1st glance the readings and other resources in this guide will look big or long.  There are 3 major categories that align with the bullets above.  Aim to choose 1-3 resources from each topic for your research.  You may read more if the topics catch your attention.

1. Resources to help you:  Understanding External Forces

Review carefully the commentary link for Content Session 6.  In that document you will find a good overview of external forces facing organizations.  Pay attention to Exhibit 15.4 which enables you to organize an analysis of uncertainty and stability.

Porter’s Competitive Forces Theory

Michael Porter is recognized for his work on how to see and then use competitive forces, found in the environment, to influence profitability.  Researched since the 80s, these forces include:

· The number and power of a company’s competitive rivals

· potential new market entrants

· existing suppliers

· customers

· substitute products.

Porter explains the role for competition.  The video is about 13 min, from Harvard School of Business, where Porter is distinguished faculty.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mYF2_FBCvXw

So, it’s important to see how Porter’s competitive forces work because they set up attention or focus to what groups (divisions, team projects) hold attention.  The following video applies Porter’s principles to Tesla,which is an innovative company, but also does not dominate the market.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5F0dI8zaotU

Take away:  Keep in mind that as you examine the impact of competitive forces, Porter’s theory, that if you assess the threat as “low” then the work unit is likely to be more stable.  If you assess the competition as “high” then the impact is risky and but also has more options.

Often wider social trends influence what managers perceive they should do, or what seems important, especially for inclusion when faced with diversity.  Select two (2) or more issues that you believe are relevant to understanding social diversity background.

2. The diversity/inclusion issues include–

Race

Race and Work opportunities

https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2020/01/09/most-americans-say-there-is-too-much-economic-inequality-in-the-u-s-but-fewer-than-half-call-it-a-top-priority/

Race attitudes in the US

… https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2020/10/06/amid-national-reckoning-americans-divided-on-whether-increased-focus-on-race-will-lead-to-major-policy-change/

Meet Yvonne Cheek (2-3min video, describing the real world of an African American’s approach to leadership    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q7CpQlU_c

Millennials and their work expectations

https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/04/11/millennials-largest-generation-us-labor-force/

Video with Simon Sinek characterizing Millennials (under 20 min)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hER0Qp6QJNU

Distinguishing between younger workers and their older cohort, the Millennials for technology practices

Defining generations: Where Millennials end and Generation Z begins

An overview of the American Workforce and technology

https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/08/29/facts-about-american-workers/

Perceptions of how Americans use technology since the pandemic started…suggests communication challenges for any large technology change.

What we’ve learned about Americans’ views of technology during the time of COVID-19

Hispanics  and how they see themselves in the US

https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/09/24/the-ways-hispanics-describe-their-identity-vary-across-immigrant-generations/

A Hispanic success story (video)

Meet the V-Chancellor of the Univ. of Chicago… Francesca, who tells her story of professional advancement from a modest farm family to the 1st woman of color to hold her position.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NE788oP2jXE

What’s been learned about technology adaptations and worker satisfaction from experience with the pandemic:

https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2020/12/09/how-the-coronavirus-outbreak-has-and-hasnt-changed-the-way-americans-work/

Co-Vid Pandemic Issues:

Impact of Co-vid 19

https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2020/09/24/economic-fallout-from-covid-19-continues-to-hit-lower-income-americans-the-hardest/

https://www.pewresearch.org/hispanic/2020/08/04/coronavirus-economic-downturn-has-hit-latinos-especially-hard/

Loss of Visibility for Minorities during work at home

Without the networks and encounters that offices provide, companies must foster the visibility of Black and Hispanic workers, diversity experts say.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/06/business/economy/working-from-home-diversity.html?smid=em-share

3. Understanding/Negotiating Conflict:

Conflict is a key factor in the case scenario.  Justine must decide whether to accept the last minute demands of Mathias from Allied, or what? For more understanding of conflict and negotiation, look to the top of this post.  See/review the attached file “Conflict Management-Negotiation, SPRING 2021”.   Consider a review of the 2nd file, which has video clips of important ideas about negotiating.

Guide Details for Your Thread (main post)  

· Read the scenario of Morton Papers and Justine Woods carefully.  There are several important topics in the case, which offer insights and ideas for helping Justine, who must effectively find a way to negotiate.

· 1st consider the external forces influencing Morton Paper and Justine’s success. Explain two (2) or more by writing at least one paragraph.  Using the analysis chart found in Commentary, for session 6, determine the uncertainty/stability of Morton.

· Identify two (2) social trends likely to be influencing Justine. Explain by writing 1-2 paragraphs.

· Each trend should be researched–using a minimum of one (1) source.

 Use in-text cites.

· Return to the events of the case and find nuggets of information that point towards a negotiation for Justine.

· Conclude with a paragraph that describes your best advice to Justine.  What would you do if you were in her position?